There are numerous health advantages to consuming pure, safe, and hygienic water to stay hydrated. To maintain a healthy lifestyle, drinking at least eight glasses of water is essential. However, it’s also true that tap water isn’t a safe option anymore, given the rising pollution. The widespread contamination of water sources no longer makes it a dependable water supply. There’s a high chance of falling ill due to waterborne diseases by drinking unfiltered water.
Therefore, most households consider installing a high-quality water purifier. Given the availability of numerous water purifiers employing different filtration methods, choosing the best one is a common dilemma. A water purification system can extract undesirable chemical compounds, organic and inorganic elements, and biological contaminants effectively.
Water purifiers represent the optimal tools for eradicating impurities from water, and it’s essential to understand that various water purification systems exist, each operating in a distinct manner. Among the most prevalent types of water purifiers are reverse osmosis (RO) and ultraviolet (UV) systems.
This post will analyse how RO and UV water purifying systems function and differ from each other.
What Is Reverse Osmosis (RO) Water Purifier System?
This water purification system directs water molecules through a semi-permeable membrane, allowing only water molecules to pass to the other side of the membrane. This process effectively separates and leaves behind dissolved salts and various impurities. Consequently, water purified using RO technology is devoid of harmful bacteria and dissolved contaminants.
How does RO work?
The reverse osmosis water filtration process is a simple and direct process. It uses water pressure to propel tap water through a semi-permeable membrane, thereby eliminating contaminants from the water. This process involves the removal of dissolved inorganic solids from a solution. It differs from conventional filtration methods where impurities get trapped within the filter media.
In reverse osmosis, water is driven through these membranes under high pressure, effectively extracting Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), fluoride, hardness, and other heavy metals, ultimately delivering safe and pure drinking water. Also, if you have an RO water purifier, conduct routine maintenance with the help of a dependable RO service in Jaipur for optimal results.
What is an Ultra Violet Water Purifier System?
After reverse osmosis, UV in water purifiers is popular as the second most effective technology in purifying water. UV or ultraviolet rays have high penetration power. Thus, it effectively kills the germ cells and suspends their growth. This technology efficiently eliminates microbial contamination, thereby supplying pure drinking water. However, it doesn’t affect the TDS level or types of water pollutants.
How does UV work?
UV water purifiers are essential due to their fundamental design, which incorporates a UV lamp emitting UV radiation. As water flows into the UV chamber, the lamp emits this radiation, penetrating the microorganisms and effectively targeting their DNA, resulting in their swift elimination. This underscores the significance of UV water filters in ensuring water purity.
RO vs. UV- Which One Should You Choose?
If your water source is surface water coming from the municipal corporation, the Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), which represent dissolved impurities, are likely to be relatively low. In such cases, your primary concern should be safeguarding against microbiological impurities like bacteria and viruses.
Conversely, suppose your water supply is from groundwater delivered by tankers. In that case, there’s a greater chance of encountering a higher concentration of dissolved impurities, which can affect the taste of the water. Also, elevated TDS levels (exceeding 500 ppm) may have potential long-term health implications.
As a general guideline, if you’re receiving groundwater, it’s advisable to check the TDS level using a basic TDS meter. If the TDS reading surpasses 500 ppm, opting for an RO (Reverse Osmosis) water purifier can prove beneficial. On the other hand, if the TDS is below 500 ppm, a well-designed UV (Ultraviolet) water purifier will effectively purify the water.
If your water supply comprises a combination of both groundwater and surface water sources, then a RO+UV water purification system becomes a viable choice. This technology can adapt to different water sources, such as bore well water, municipal water, or tanker water. It automatically selects the appropriate purification method (UV or RO) based on the user-defined TDS setting.
Finally, relying solely on a single filtration technology is not advisable because each has its pros and cons. A multi-stage purification approach incorporating various purification technologies is mostly preferable. Consequently, water purifiers that incorporate a combination of RO, UV, UF and include a TDS controller/modulator or mineraliser are preferable. These types of water filters can offer significant benefits for most households.
Both RO and UV water purifiers play vital roles in water purification. Depending on the quality of your water source and your specific needs, you can select the most suitable water purification system. To ensure your water is safe for consumption, look for an RO service near me in Jaipur to conduct routine maintenance.